Another year that just flew by ! Yesterday evening we indeed had our last webinar for 2015. Hard to believe we did 7 series of them since last september ! Thanks again everyone who attended, it was a great interactive discussion we had for this closing e-ceremony !
As usual, here are the written answers to the questions that were asked during the two sessions. If you have other in mind, don't hesitate to post them on the forum !
Our webinars will be back in 2016 so stay tuned ! Meanwhile, I wish you all a great holiday season and a Happy New Year ! Looking forward to seeing you all again, during one of our live event or online !
At or around 8 months old my puppies are getting panosteitis from growning too fast. How do I avoid it?
Panosteitis is a self-limiting disease of unknown cause, which is indeed mainly reported in large breed dogs with rapid growth rate. German shepherd dogs are particularly vulnerable, which suggests a heritable component to this condition.
In order to better control the speed of growth of the puppies, it is therefore important to strictly control the amount of energy they receive through feeding during the at-risk period, since growth is essential boosted by energy. Monitoring the quantities fed per day as well as the puppy’s body condition are therefore key measures here. Rule of thumb : a puppy should stay slender during her growth period.
Re worming pregnant bitches - How often should we treat after 40 days of gestation ?
What is most often recommended :
- Deworm the bitch at D42 of gestation ;
- Then every 2 weeks after parturition at the same time the puppies are dewormed.
Remember that deworming protocols may vary from one kennel to another, based on their clinical status. Always speak with your veterinarian to define the right deworming protocol for your structure.
Should we be feeding more than twice per day after age 6 months?
Not necessarily. After 6 months of age the digestive tract of the puppies will be able to handle only two meals per day. That being said, it will do no harm feeding them 3 meals per day even after 6 months of age.
We find around 10 months the pups get too heavy. Could the issue be more of lack of exercise rather than cutting back on food ?
It could indeed be a combination of both. When dealing with overweight in puppies, it is always good to make sure they do not eat more than they should, but a moderate amount of exercise in order to keep them active will definitely do no harm and can for sure help !
It is important to remember that when overweight / obesity develops in puppies, it is very hard to treat when they reach adult age.
What is the best way to feed a pregnant dog with a large litter ?
The answer in this video here : http://royalcaninbreedersclub.ning.com/video/webinar-nutrition-of-t...
When should the dam receive upcoming boosters prior to whelping?
We would generally prefer that the bitch receives her booster before breeding. This way this will help optimize the amount of antibodies in the colostrum at the time of parturition.
Some vaccines can however be administered during gestation if need be. Always discuss with your veterinarian to find out what fits best for your specific situation.
Do probiotics and prebiotics help to combat Giardia and Coccidia from becoming a full blown problem?
Giardia and Coccidia are often reported as causes of weaning diarrhea in puppies. Nutrition – and nutrients geared towards digestive safety – can indeed help lower the risk.
However, when it comes to nutrition, remember that the more is NOT the merrier. Some diets are already supplemented in prebiotics for instance (like our Starter formulas http://www.royalcanin.ca/index.php/PRO-Products/PRO-Dog-Products/Pr... ). If you add more on top of it, the balance can be broken and troubles can eventually follow.
More on how to use nutrition here : http://royalcaninbreedersclub.ning.com/profiles/blogs/about-puppies...
Should we be testing the bitch for coccidia prior to breeding?
Coccidia are virtually present in all kennels. If there are no clinical signs on the bitch there is no point looking specifically for coccidia before breeding.
More on this specific pathogen in our blog here : http://royalcaninbreedersclub.ning.com/profiles/blogs/should-you-wo...
That being said, performing what we call pooled fecal tests in the kennel once or twice a year is something that can help better define the deworming protocol for your specific structure. This consists in collecting stools from different groups (puppies, gestating/lactating mothers, adults) and doing a fecal test on those to get an idea of the specific parasitism of the kennel. If something abnormal shows up, your veterinarian will be able to redefine your deworming protocol if needed.
That is a powerful tool, that is unfortunately not used enough in kennels.
Can Giardia be found in any dog? Adult or Puppy?
Yes indeed. Digestive pathogens like Giardia are extremely common in kennels, in adults as well as in puppies. However, remember what we discussed during the webinar : their presence does not necessarily mean you need to treat !
Look at this blog post that touches on this topic : http://royalcaninbreedersclub.ning.com/profiles/blogs/digestive-hea...
So when you are weaning puppies should you feed each one on their own from the start and not feed in a group ?
Group-feeding puppies during weaning has its challenges, but it is also something important for the puppies to find their place in the hierarchy and for their behavioural development.
One alternative I really like is the use of the weenafeedas, like on the picture below :
What about supplementing with extra glucosamine for giant breed dogs?
Combination of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate are commonly used and it has been reported that these agents work synergistically. Glucosamine & chondroitin are absorbed by the gastro-intestinal tract, become incorporated into joint tissues and provide the necessary precursors to maintain cartilage health and decrease inflammation.
Re Calcium : Is 6 months also the rule for self-regulation in giant breeds?