What you need to know about feline URI : the answers of our Q&A

Yesterday was our back-to-back webinar night and I must tell we had two very enjoyable online sessions !

Sharing knowledge is our passion, but it gets even better when you have such an engaged online audience ! I can tell you we definitely broke a record in the amount of questions we received ! As promised, here are the written answers to those (many questions were similar, other are answered in the notes so we just took the more relevant).

The discussion goes on so don't hesitate to ask us if there is something you would like to know on this topic ! As usual, we will be glad to help if we can !

Thank you again for making our webinar evenings so memorable !  

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What is the best anti FHV-1 cleanser?

 

FHV-1 is an enveloped virus, which is therefore not resistant in the outside environment and inactivated by most disinfectants. It is however important to make a clear difference between a cleanser and a disinfectant, because those are two different types of products. This is something we cover here in our blog, it was initially meant for shelters but the same applies in breeding catteries http://royalcaninshelterprogram.ning.com/profiles/blogs/cleaning-vs...

Can you give me your thoughts on colostrum replacement made from blood serum?  Can this be made ahead of time and frozen?

 

I think in kittens this could be an interesting alternative. This is a topic we covered last year during a previous webinar, you will find all the important information here : http://royalcaninbreedersclub.ning.com/profiles/blogs/colostrum-and...

I was told by a couple of vets that queens can pass herpes thru the birth canal while delivering kittens.  Is this true?

 

Yes indeed, this is something possible. Herpes usually replicates in the respiratory and genital mucosas so if the mother is shedding herpes at the time of parturition there is a risk the kittens get contaminated right after birth. However, it is important to mention that this is not a common situation. Even if herpes is described as a cause of neonatal mortality in kittens, its most common clinical expression remains URI in weaning kittens. 

What's the desired way to supplement calcium?

 

Orally

What is the optimal temperature to keep your cattery at?

 

18-24°C (65-75°F). Keep in mind those recommendations are for adult cats. For newborn kittens we usually recommend higher temperatures because they are not able to thermoregulate during their first three weeks of life. 

I wondered if a modified vaccine could bring on a URI?

 

A MLV intranasal can cause for sure. A MLV subcutaneously probably will stress the cats immune system and allow the virus to come out. 

How effective are "foggers" for sanitation?

 

Foggers are not routinely used for disinfection in catteries, but this is an option that could eventually be considered.

 

Few things to keep in mind :

 

-          Sound obvious, but they should be used when the room / sector you want to disinfect is empty ;

-          A preliminary cleaning of all the surfaces in the room / sector is still required ; remember that disinfectants are inefficient in the presence of organic matter so it is important to remove it first ;

-          It is important to respect the contact time recommended for the product you use.

 

Several disinfectants can be used in foggers (some of them are even sold as such). I would definitely recommend directly discussing with the company that manufactures the product to find out if this is an available option. 

 

I am sensitive to bleach. Is there anything else that is effective?

 

Check our table here : https://www.pinterest.com/pin/331225747570844285/

What age do you recommend  vaccinations ?

 

As we said, there is no one-fits-all vaccination protocol when it comes to breeding catteries. Each cattery’s specific clinical situation needs to be evaluated in order to decide what the best vaccination protocol would be. Written guidelines exist and can be consulted here http://www.wsava.org/sites/default/files/WSAVA_OwnerGuidelines_Sept... . However, depending on the clinical situation inside the cattery your veterinarian might need to readapt them, especially when URI is a chronic problem.

Is mycoplasma hard to clear up in a cattery ?

 

Remember that mycoplasmas are normal hosts of the genital and respiratory tract of cats. Finding them is not necessarily abnormal. If they are involved in URI in cats, it is important first to control the clinical signs on the affected individuals (important to speak with your veterinarian here to come up with the right therapeutic approach). When this is done, the good news is that mycoplasmas are NOT resistant in the environment. Transmission only happens by close contact with infected cats. Controlling the clinical expression is therefore the primary goal.

 

Which cleaner do you recommend? Bleach 1:52 ratio? Is that the best one?

 

As mentioned in a previous answer, it is important to make the difference between cleaning & disinfecting (see here http://royalcaninshelterprogram.ning.com/profiles/blogs/cleaning-vs...). The best cleaner is a good soap, I always say “something that makes bubbles” so that it will scrap the organic matter and make the disinfecting step more efficient. When it comes to disinfectants now, in case of URI you always want to use something that is efficient against nude viruses like calicivirus.  Check our table here to see what the other options are https://www.pinterest.com/pin/331225747570844285/

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